The paper “Nikita Khrushchev in Regard to Cold War in the 1960s” is a great example of historical coursework. The Cuban Missile Crisis which took place in October 1962 has been generally considered as the most dangerous period of the Cold War. It is considered an event where the world was moved perceptibly close to a condition of a nuclear conflict between superpowers. The Cuban Missile Crisis made the United States and the Soviet Union reach the brink of nuclear war. Based on the reconnaissance photos that were taken in October, it was quite clear that the Cuban missile bases were being developed by the Soviets and were 90 miles away from the main coast of the United States.
However, President Kennedy ordered quarantine around Cuba wherein a period of ensuing days, the two sides ramped up to involve in a possible military engagement. Studies indicate that the U. S military forces became ready, while in Cuba the Soviet forces had orders to apply the nuclear weapon if the U. S insisted to invade Cuba. This led to negotiations between U. S. President John F. Kennedy and the Soviet Premier Nikita Kruschev continuously took place with the objective of not ending in a violent resolution (Munton & David 2007). On October 28th, this is after long liberation the Soviet Union accepted to surrender the war by removing all the missiles in Cuba through an exchange for the U. S also removing all its missiles in Turkey. Therefore, the consequences of the crisis forever changed the course of the Cold War because both sides simply realized how close they had involved in the nuclear conflict.
It is important to note that the foreign policy between the two states was transformed from confrontation to coexistence (Nathan 2000). In this discussion, several documents are examined to analyze the differences which existed in policy objectives between the Soviet, U.S and Cuban leaders. The main objective is to discuss the correspondence exchanged between President John F. Kennedy of U. S and Soviet leader, Nikita Khrushchev is to clearly understand the impact of the Cuban Missile Crisis on the Cold War.
Cuban Missile Crisis
Throughout the 1962 Cuba Missile issue, there was the existence of difficult relations between the superpowers following the tense which had previously occurred as a result of the Berlin Wall crisis.
The Americans had put a public notice which warned that they were not ready to tolerate the Soviets’ activity of placing the offensive nuclear missiles within Cuba. In this case, Nikita Khrushchev, the leader of the Soviet seemed to be understanding to comply with the demand. On the other hand, President John F. Kennedy of the U. S on 13 September provided a condition that if Cuba insisted to become offensive military base, then as the U. S leader he would take all the necessary measures to ensure that American security is protected.
Various strategies and forms of diplomatic action were considered which involved taking the risk of leading to the negotiations. This led to counter-concessions by the U. S over the removal of the missiles, invasion, a blockade as well as airstrike against the Cuba Missiles (Munton & David 2007).